Header

Skip Navigation LinksReefBase > Key Topics > Poverty and Reefs
          RSS Feed
Poverty and Reefs

References

Adams TJH, Richards A, Dalzell P, Bell L. 1995 Research on fisheries in the Pacific Islands region. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 87–166.

ADB. 2000. Asian Development Outlook, 2000. Oxford University
Press, New York.

—— 2002. Asian Development Outlook, 2002. Oxford University
Press, New York.

Asafu-Adjaye J. 2000. Customary marine tenure systems and sustainable fisheries management in Papua New Guinea. International Journal of Social Economics 27: 917-926.

Bavinck M. 2001. Marine resource management. Conflict and regulation in the fisheries of the Coromandel coast. Sage Publications India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India (394).

Benzaken D, Smith G, Williams R. 1997. A long way together: the recognition of indigenous interests in the management of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. State of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area Workshop, 471–495.

Berg H, Ohman MC, Troeng S, Linden O. 1998. Environmental economics of coral reef destruction in Sri Lanka. Ambio 27: 627–634.

Bettencourt S, Talati C, Johannes RE. 1995. Sustainable development of coastal fisheries in the Pacific Islands region. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 373–384.

Boesch DF, Field JC, Scavia D. 2000. The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change on Coastal Areas and Marine Resources: Report of the Coastal Areas and Marine Resources Sector Team, US National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change, US Global Change Research Program. Decision Analysis Series Number 21. NOAA's Coastal Oceans Program, Silver Spring, MD (163).

Bryant D, Burke L, McManus J, Spalding MD. 1998. Reefs at risk. World Resources Institute, International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, United Nations Environment Programme (56).

Bunce LL, Gustavson KR. 1998. Coral reef valuation: a rapid socioeconomic assessment of fishing, watersports, and hotel operations in the Montego Bay Marine Park, Jamaica and an analysis of reef management implications. World Bank.

Bunce LL, Townsley P, Pomeroy RS, Pollnac RB. 2000. Socio-economic manual for coral reef management. Australian Institute of Marine Science (251).

Burke L, Selig E, Spalding MD. 2002. Reefs at risk in Southeast Asia. World Resources Institute (72).

Campbell J, Beardmore JA. 2001. Poverty and aquatic biodiversity. In: Saunders J (ed.) Living off biodiversity: exploring livelihoods and biodiversity issues in natural resources management. International Institute for Environment and Development, London, 191–229.

Campbell J, Salagrama V. 2001. New Approaches to Participation in Fisheries Research. FAO Fisheries Circular no. 965: 56.

Cesar H. 1996. Economic analysis of Indonesian coral reefs. World Bank (95).

—— 2000. Collected Essays on the Economics of Coral Reefs. CORDIO, Kalmar, Sweden (244).

CIA. 2002. The World Factbook 2002. Central Intelligence Agency, USA.

Dalzell P, Adams TJH. 1997. Sustainability and management of reef fisheries in the Pacific Islands. Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium 2: 2027–2032.

Dalzell P, Adams TJH, Polunin NVC. 1995. Coastal fisheries of the South Pacific Islands. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 19.

DOD. 2001. Resources Informations Systems for Gulf of Mannar (India). Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Project, Chennai (87).

Drewes E. 1982. Three fishing villages in Tamil Nadu. A socioeconomic study with special reference to the role and status of women. Bay of Bengal Programme (65).

Dulvy NK, Stanwell-Smith D, Darwall WRT, Horrill CJ. 1995. Coral mining at Mafia Island, Tanzania: a management dilemma. Ambio 24: 358–365.

Ekaratne SUK, Davenport J, Lee D, Walgama RS. 1998. Communities protecting coastal resources: Rekawa Lagoon, Sri Lanka. In: Taneja B (ed.) Communities and conservation: natural resource management in South and Central Asia. Sage Publications Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India, 481–491.

Elliot G, Mitchell B, Wiltshire B, Manan A, Wismer S. 2001. Community participation in marine protected area management: Wakatobi National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Coastal Management 29: 295–316.

Espeut P. 1999. The Jamaica Coral Reef Action Plan and the Portland Bight Sustainable Development Area. InterCoast Network: International Newsletter of Coastal Management 34: 14–15.

—— 2002. Community policing in the Portland Bight Protected
Area, Jamaica. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and
Knowledge Information Bulletin 14: 34–35.

FAO. 1996a. Fisheries country profile – Costa Rica. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (11).

—— 1996b. Fishery country profile – Nicaragua. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (10).

—— 1999a. Fishery country profile – Cambodia. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (9).

—— 1999b. Fishery country profile – Viet Nam. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (9).

—— 1999c. Number of Fishers 1970–1996 – Revision 1. Fishery Information Data and Statistics Unit, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

—— 2000a. Fishery country profile – Mexico. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (9).

—— 2000b. Fishery country profile – Thailand. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (8).

—— 2000c. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture 2000. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

—— 2001a. Fishery country profile – Kenya. Food and Agriculture
Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (16).

—— 2001b. Fishery country profile – Myanmar. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (12).

—— 2001c. Fishery country profile – Tanzania. Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (12).

—— 2002a. Fishery country profile – Honduras. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (15).

—— 2002b. Fishery country profile – Panama. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome (12).

Foale S. 1998. What's in a name? An analysis of the West Nggela (Solomon Islands) fish taxonomy. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 9: 3–6.

Foell J, Harrison E, Stirrat RL. 1999. Participatory approaches to natural resource management – The case of coastal zone management in the Puttalam District, Sri Lanka. DFID and the University of Sussex.

FRDC. 2001. Australia's Fishing Industry: traditional sector. Fisheries Research and Development Cooperation.

Gabrie C, Vasseur P, Randriamiarana H, Maharavo J, Mara E. 2000. The coral reefs of Madagascar. In: Obura DO (ed.) Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean: Their Ecology and Conservation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 411–444.

Gibbings R. 1949. Over the reefs. Readers Union with JM Dent and Sons, London, UK (240).

Gina-Whewell L. 1992. Roviana women in traditional fishing. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 1: 12–13.

Glaesel H. 2000. Community-level marine resource management and the spirit realm in coastal Kenya. Women in Natural Resources 21: 35–42.

Green EP, Shirley F. 1999. The global trade in coral. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, World Conservation Press, Cambridge, UK (70).

Hajra D. 1970. Marine fisherfolk of Gujarat: a preliminary exploration. In: Sinha SC (ed.) Research programmes on cultural anthropology and allied disciplines. Anthropological Survey of India, Calcutta, India, 55–73.

Hatziolos M. 1997. Coral reefs and the world bank. People and the Planet 6: 30–31.

Heel CV. 1986. Nutrition and small-scale fisheries in India. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome (64).

Hoegh-Guldberg O. 1999. Climate change, coral bleacing and the future of the world’s coral reefs. Marine Freshwater Research 50: 839-866

Hogbin I. 1973. Anthropology in Papua New Guinea. Melbourne University Press (243).

Hoon V. 2003. A case study from Lakshadweep. In: Whittingham E,
Campbell J, Townsley P (eds) Poverty and Reefs: Volume 2 Case Studies. For DFID, IMM and IOC-UNESCO by UNESCO, Paris, 187–226

Hviding E. 1994. Community-based management of coral reef resource systems: South Pacific experiences. The management of coral reef resource systems: 82–84.

ICRAN. 2002. People and Reefs: a partnership for prosperity. International Coral Reef Action Network (4).

ICRI. 2002a. The Cancun Declaration. The ICRI Regional Workshop for the Tropical Americas: Improving reef condition through strategic partnership 12–14 June 2002, 3.

—— 2002b. Deciding on priorities to protect and manage the world's coral reefs. International Coral Reef Initiative (9).

Innes J. 1996. Developing the linkages. Indigenous involvement in the management of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. Reef Research 6: 1–4.

IPCC. 2001. Summary for policymakers. Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. A report of Working Group II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (17).

Jazairy I, Alamgir M, Panuccio T. 1992. The state of world rural poverty: an inquiry into its causes and consequences. International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome, Italy (514).

Jennings S, Marshall SS, Cuet P, Naim O. 2000. The Seychelles. In: Obura DO (ed.) Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 383–410.

Jimmy RA. 1995. Case study: the application of traditional management on Trochus fishery in Vanuatu. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 221–224.

Johannes RE. 1978. Traditional marine conservation methods in Oceania and their demise. Annual Review of Ecological Systems 9: 349–364.

—— 1981. Words of the lagoon. Fishing and marine lore in the Palau district of Micronesia. University of California Press, London, England (207).

—— 1982. Implications of traditional marine resource use for coastal fisheries development in Papua New Guinea. Institute of Applied Social Economic Research 16: 239–249.

—— 1989. Managing small-scale fisheries in Oceania: unusual constraints and opportunities. Economics of fishery management in the Pacific Island region, 85–93.

—— 1994. The science of Pacific Island peoples and marine resource management. Proceedings of the Conference on the Science of the Pacific Island Peoples.

—— 1999. Breaking environmental laws. SPC Live Reef Fish Information Bulletin 6: 1–2.

Johannes RE, Ruddle K, Hviding E. 1991. The value today of traditional management and knowledge of coastal marine resources in Oceania. South Pacific Commission's Twenty-third Regional Technical Meeting on Fisheries.

Katupotha J. 1995. Public awareness: key to conservation of mangrove and coral reef ecosystems in Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka Journal of Geography 1: 15–28.

Kenchington R. 2000. Fisheries Management and Marine Protected Areas – A 2000 Perspective. InterCoast Network: International Newsletter of Coastal Management 37: 4–5.

Kristensen JD. 1990. Utilisation of shark in Tamil Nadu, India and Sri Lanka. Bay of Bengal Programme (10).

Lindert K. 1999. Panama Poverty Report 1999. World Bank Group (48).

Lokani P. 1995. An oral account of overfishing and habitat destruction at Pororan Island, Papua New Guinea. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1: 251–263.

Luhikula G. 1999. Community participatory approach pays dividends in fight against dynamite fishing. InterCoast Network: International Newsletter of Coastal Management 34: 10–11.

McAllister DE. 1988. Environmental, economic and social costs of
coral reef destruction in the Philippines. Galaxea 7: 161–178.

McClanahan TR, Glaesel H, Rubens J, Kiambo R. 1998. The effects of traditional fisheries management on fisheries yield and the coral reef ecosystem of southern Kenya. Oceanographic Literature Review 45: 561–562.

McGoodwin JR. 2001. Understanding the cultures of fishing communities: a key to fisheries management and food security. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 401: 287.

MIMRA. 1995. Country statement – Marshall Islands. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1: 127–129.

Moberg F, Folke C. 1999. Ecological goods and services of coral reef ecosystems. Ecological Economics 29: 215–233

Moffat DM, Ngoile MN, Linden O, Francis J. 1998. The reality of the stomach: coastal management at the local level in Eastern Africa. Ambio 27: 590–598.

MRAG. 1999. Vanuatu – country report. The Performance of Customary Marine Tenure in the Managament of Community Fishery Resources in Melanesia, 2a: 64.

Muhando C. 1999. Assessment of the extent of damage, socioeconomic effects, mitigation and recovery in Tanzania. In: Sporrong N (ed). Status report and project presentations 1999. CORDIO, SAREC Marine Science Program, Department of Zoology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Mukherjee B. 1968. The Noliya of Puri and their sea-fishing
organisation. Bulletin of the Anthropological Survey of India XVII: 301–315.

Naim O, Cuet P, Mangar V. 2000. The Mascarene Islands. In: Obura
DO (ed.) Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 353–381.

NARA. 2001. Sri Lanka Fisheries Year Book 2000. Socio-economic and Market Research Division, National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency, Colombo.

NBS. 2002. Household Budget Survey 2000/01. National Bureau of Statistics, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (218).

Nichols PV. 1993. Sharks. In: Hill L (ed.) Nearshore marine resources of the South Pacific. IPS, Suva, 285–327.

Obura DO, Wells S, Church J, Horrill CJ. 2002. Monitoring of fish and fish catches by local fishermen in Kenya and Tanzania. Marine Freshwater Research 53: 215–222.

ODN. 2000. Consultations with the poor – country report, Jamaica. Oneworld Development Network, Sussex, UK (89).

Ohman MC, Rajasuriya A, Linden O. 1993. Human disturbances on coral reefs in Sri Lanka: a case study. Ambio 22: 474–480.

Opnai LJ, Aitsi L. 1995. Summary of coastal fisheries development and management problems in Papua New Guinea and priorities for action. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1: 135–145.

Pasisi B. 1995. Country statement – Niue Island. South PacificCommission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1: 117–121.

Perea N. 2002. Alternative Livelihood through Income Diversification: as management options for sustainable coral reef and associated ecosystem management in Sri Lanka. South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (58).

Pet-Soede L, Venkataraman K, Rajan PT. 2000. Case 1: An assessment of the socio-economic importance of reef fisheries in India. In: RA (ed.) Assessment of the socio-economic impacts of the 1998 coral reef bleaching in the Indian Ocean. Resource Analysis, Institute for Environmental Studies, The Netherlands, 67–78.

Pilcher N, Krupp F. 2000. The status of coral reefs in Somalia. In: Wilkinson C (ed.). Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia.

Pollnac RB. 1998. Rapid assessment of management parameters for coral reefs. Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island (199).

Pomeroy RS. 1994. Management options for small scale fisheries. The management of coral reef resource systems 78–81.

Rajendran I, Nambiar K, Shridar R. 1992. Marine fish marketing in Tamil Nadu. Bay of Bengal Programme (47).

Rawlinson N. 1995. Customary ownership of sea areas and resources with respect to the management fo baitfisheries in Solomon Islands and Fiji. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 653–657.

Raychaudhuri B. 1980. The moon and net: study of a transient community of fishermen at Jambudwip. Anthroplogical Survey of India, Calcutta, India (274).

Rengasamy S, Devavaram J, Prasad R, Arunodaya E. 2003. A Case study from the Gulf of Mannar. In: Whittingham E, Campbell J, Townsley P (eds) Poverty and Reefs: Volume 2 Case Studies. For DFID, IMM and IOC-UNESCO by UNESCO, Paris, 113–146.

Risk MJ, Sluka R. 2000. The Maldives: A nation of atolls. In: Obura DO (ed.) Coral Reefs of the Indian Ocean. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 325–351.

Rosenberg E, Ben-Haim Y. 2002. Microbial diseases of coral and global warming. Environmental Microbiology 4: 318–326.

Rubens J. 1996. An analysis of the benefits and costs of marine reserve regulations at Diani, Kenya. Department of Marine Science and Coastal Management. University of Newcastle, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK (156).

Ruddle K. 1993. External forces and change in traditional community-based fishery management systems in the Asia-Pacific region. Maritime Anthrological Studies 6: 1–37.

—— 1996. Back to first 'design principles': the issue of clearly defined boundaries. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 6: 4–12.

—— 1998. The context of policy design for existing communitybased fisheries management systems in the Pacific Islands. Ocean and Coastal Management 40: 105–126.

Ruddle K, Hviding E, Johannes RE. 1992. Marine resources management in the context of customary tenure. Marine Resource Economics 7: 249–273.

Savina GC, White AT. 1986. Reef fish yields and nonreef catch of Pamilacan Island, Bohol, Philippines. The First Asia Fisheries Forum 497–500.

Schug DM. 1995. The marine realm and the Papua New Guinean inhabitants of the Torres Strait. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 5: 16–23.

Sheppard CRC. 2002. Probabilities of repeat episodes of the 1998 mortality in the Indian Ocean. Reef Conservation UK Annual Meeting December 2002, Abstract.

Sievert RF, Diamante-Fabunan DAD. 1999. Local participation in fisheries law enforcement. InterCoast Network: International Newsletter of Coastal Management 34: 16–17.

Singh A, Andrews HV. 2003. A case study from South Andaman Island. In: Whittingham E, Campbell J, Townsley P (eds) Poverty and Reefs: Volume 2 Case Studies. For DFID, IMM and IOCUNESCO by UNESCO, Paris, 147–186.

Sone S, Lotoahea T. 1995. Ocean culture of giant clams in Tonga. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1.

Spalding MD, Ravilious C, Green EP. 2001. World atlas of coral reefs. UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre, University of California Press, Berkeley, USA (424).

Stirrat RL. 1988. On the beach. Fishermen, fishwives and fishtraders in post-colonial Lanka. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi, India (170).

Stoffle RW. 2001. When fish is water: food security and fish in a coastal community in the Dominican Republic. In: McGoodwin JR (ed.) Understanding the Cultures of Fishing Communities: A Key to Fisheries Management and Food Security. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 219–245.

Sudara S, Yeemin T. 1997. Status of Coral Reefs in Thailand. In: Birkeland C (ed.) Status of Coral Reefs in the Pacific. Sea Grant College Program, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, 135–144.

Talbot F, Wilkinson C. 2001. Coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses: a sourcebook for managers. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia (193).

Teiwaki R. 1988. Management of marine resources in Kiribati. University of the South Pacific (239).

Teulieres MH. 1992. Traditional marine resource management in the north of New Caledonia. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 1: 8–11.

Thorburn CC. 2000. Changing customary marine resource management practice and institutions: the case of Sasi Lola in the Kei Islands, Indonesia. World Development 28: 1461–1479.

—— 2001. The house that poison built: customary marine property rights and the live food fish trade in the Kei Islands, Southeast Maluku. Development and Change 32: 151 180.

Tobisson E, Andersson J, Ngazi Z, Rydberg L, Cederlof U. 1998. Tides, monsoons and seabed: local knowledge and practice in Chawaka Bay, Zanzibar. Ambio 27: 677–685.

TRAFFIC. 2001. Stormy seas for marine invertebrates – trade in sea cucumbers, seashells, and lobsters in Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique. TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa, Nairobi, Kenya (70).

Tuara PN. 1995. The role of women in the management of Pacific Island inshore fisheries. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 2: 227–232.

Udagawa K, Kava V, Fa'Anunu U. 1995. Lobster fishery in the Tongatapu Island group, Tonga: its biology and the effect of new fishery regulation. South Pacific Commission and Forum Fisheries Agency Workshop on the Management of South Pacific Inshore Fisheries 1: 323–334.

UNDP. 2002. Human Development Report 2002. United Nations Development Programme (292).

UNEP. 1996. Report on the workshop on the application of methodologies for valuation of environmental and natural resources with particular reference to oceans and coastal areas. United Nations Environment Programme, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia (66).

UNESCO. 2001. Indigenous people and parks. The Surin Islands
Project. UNESCO, Paris (63).

Veitayaki J. 1994. The contemporary applicability of traditional fisheries management in the South Pacific. SPC Traditional Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information Bulletin 3: 14–17.

Wallevik HB, Jiddawi N. 1999. Impacts of tourism on the activities of the women of the southeast coast of Unguja, Zanzibar. Proceedings of the 20th Anniversary Conference on Advances in Marine Science in Tanzania, 535–550.

WB. 1994a. Comoros – Poverty and growth in a traditional small island society. World Bank Poverty Net Library.

—— 1994b. Honduras Country Economic Memorandum/Poverty Assessment. Latin American and the Caribbean Region, World Bank (215).

—— 1994c. Seychelles – Poverty in paradise. World Bank PovertyNet Library (2).

—— 1995. Kenya poverty assessment. Eastern Africa Department, World Bank (194).

—— 1996. Madagascar Poverty Assessment. Central Africa and Indian Ocena Deparment, World Bank (58).

—— 1997. Costa rica – Identifying the social needs of the poor: an update. World Bank Poverty Net Library.

—— 1999a. Country brief – Honduras. World Bank Group.

—— 1999b. Country profile – Nicaragua. World Bank Group.

—— 2002a. Country brief – Colombia.

—— 2002b. Country brief – Mexico. The World Bank Group.

—— 2002c. Country Profile – Belize. World Bank Group.

Wells S. 2000. Emerging Trends in Reef Management: Eastern Africa. InterCoast Network: International Newsletter of Coastal Management 37: 8–9 and 30.

Westmacott S, Cesar H, Pet-Soede L, Linden O. 2000. Coral bleaching in the Indian Ocean: socio-economic assessment of effects. In: Cesar H (ed.) Collected Essays on the Economics of Coral Reefs. CORDIO, Kalmar, Sweden, 94–106.

White AT. 1994. Collaborative and community-based management of
coral reefs: lessons from experience. Kumarian Press, Inc.,
Conneticut, USA (129).

White AT, Cruz-Trinidad A. 1998. The Values of Philippines Coastal
Resources: Why Protection and Management are Critical. Coastal
Resource Management Project, Cebu City, Philippines (96).

White AT, Deguit E. 2000. Philippine Community-Based Coastal
Management: Evolution and Challenge. InterCoast Network:
International Newsletter of Coastal Management 37: 6–7 and 31.

White AT, Rajasuriya A. 1995. South Asian regional report on the
issues and activities associated with coral reefs and related
ecosystems. SACEP (34).

Wilkinson C (ed.). 2000. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2000.
Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, Australian Institute of
Marine Science, Townsville, Australia.

Wilson J, Muchave P, Garrett A. 2003. A Case study from the
Mozambique. In: Whittingham E, Campbell J, Townsley P (eds)
Poverty and Reefs: Volume 2 Case Studies. For DFID, IMM and
IOC-UNESCO by UNESCO, Paris, 73–111.

Woodley JD. 1994. Facilitating change in artisanal fishery practice at
Discovery Bay, Jamaica. The management of coral reef resource
systems: 75–78.

Worsley P. 1997. Knowledges. What different peoples make of the
world. Profile Books, London, England (407).

Wright HO. 1994. Octopus fishing is women's work. SPC Traditional
Marine Resource Management and Knowledge Information
Bulletin 3: 20.

Young MW. 1979. The ethnography of Malinowski. The Trobriand
Islands 1915–18. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, Boston and
Henley (254).

Zuhair M. 1998. Conservation by local communities in the Maldives.
In: Taneja B (ed.) Communities and conservation: natural resource
management in South and Central Asia. Sage Publications Pvt
Ltd, New Delhi, India, 102–116.

Side Bar