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List of 30 records

1

1. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Coral – The coral reefs are currently recovering from a series of natural disturbances over the past two decades: a crown-of-thorns starfish invasion (1979), three hurricanes (1986, 1990, 1991), and a period of warm water temperatures that caused mas...


2. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia (West). Western Australia (GCRMN 2000)...
Ashmore Reef, Scott Reef and Rowley Shoals These isolated oceanic and shelf-edge reefs are far from any mainland influence, being scattered between 12oS and 18oS along a line 400km from the northwest Australian coast. Ashmore Reef (12oS) is closer t...


3. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
It is debatable whether the GBR complex has declined over the last 40 years. The reef is in a continuous state of flux and diverse historical data sets are particularly difficult to compare with modern ones. Small declines reflected in recent monitor...


4. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
100 Years ago: Some Australian reefs were already touched by changing land management practices and extractive industries. The true value of reef resources was being realised. The idea that scientific knowledge was mandatory for better economic manag...


5. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Eastern Australia The AIMS LTMP provides a broad picture of changes on GBR reefs over 19 years of manta tow surveys of coral cover on reef perimeters, and 12 years of more intensive sampling at fixed sites of fishes and benthic organisms on 47 reefs...


6. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Western Australia The status of WA reefs is variable, however the reefs are predominantly in good condition and are exposed to fewer local impacts than other reefs around the world. WA has a very long coastline and the inshore coastal areas north of...


7. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Cocos (Keeling) and Christmas Island Reefs: Christmas Island is a volcanic island surrounded by a fringing reef, while Cocos (Keeling) Island is a true atoll. These islands are extremely isolated with small human populations. Cocos escaped the major ...


8. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
STATUS OF REEFS IN THE PAST AND PREDICTIONS FOR THE FUTURE 100 Years Ago: Australia was an independent nation and commercial extractive industries based on reef resources were well established. These were focused on 5 major products: bêchede- mer; t...


9. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
The diverse Samoan reefs provide food, infrastructure, and shoreline protection. Crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) outbreaks, hurricanes, and mass coral bleaching episodes have caused declines in hard coral cover, but coral reefs now show good recovery...


10. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Extensive studies by the Carnegie Institute of Washington between 1917 and 1920 provide excellent baseline data to determine coral reef changes in Pago Pago Harbor. Re-surveys of the 1917 transect show the trends at the reef at Aua over 83 years, the...


11. Status Coral Reefs: Eastern Caribbean, Antigua and Barbuda. ...
Antigua:There are extensive shallow-reef systems on Antigua with some areas remote from the land between Long Island and Bird Island, where navigation is particularly difficult. Recent monitoring was a collaborative operation between the local dive o...


12. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Extensive studies by the Carnegie Institute of Washington D.C. between 1917 and 1920 (3861Mayor, 19241) provide excellent baseline data from which to determine changes over time for coral reefs in Pago Pago Harbor. Re-surveys of the 1917 transect hav...


13. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
In summary, hard corals have declined significantly in Pago Pago harbor, particularly in recent years. Outside the harbor, hard corals have been impacted by a series of major events, including a crown-of-thorns outbreak, several cyclones, and several...


14. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Great Barrier Reef: Hard coral cover has increased in the Cairns, Whitsundays and Swains regions of the GBR with the highest cover being in the Capricorn-Bunker (55%) and the Whitsunday (46%) sectors.Coral cover was lowest on mid-shelf reefs in th...


15. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Lord Howe Island is 700 km north-east of Sydney and was listed as a World Heritage Area in 1982. The reefs around Lord Howe Island have a unique mix of tropical and temperate species with 83 coral species, 500 fish species and more than 300 species o...


16. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
The Solitary Islands are 600 km north of Sydney on the northern coast of New South Wales (NSW). The corals grow on a rock basement and are transient, such that they do not form carbonate reef structures. More than 90 hard coral and 530 fish species h...


17. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
Western Australia (WA) has rich marine biodiversity that is ranked second in the world in terms of its endemism. WA’s coral reefs are diverse and include the Houtman Abrolhos Islands as the most southerly reefs in the Indian Ocean, Ningaloo Reef as t...


18. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
The Ashmore and Cartier Island reefs lie in the Timor Sea between WA and Indonesia. Ashmore is 840 km west of Darwin, in more than 100 m depth, forming a shelf-edge coral atoll. The Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve includes 3 islands, a large ree...


19. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
The Monte-bello and Barrow Islands lie off the Pilbara coast in north-west WA, 1600 km north of Perth. The islands form a complex archipelago of 265 low lying islands and islets in an area of 2100 km2 containing mainly tropical flora and fauna. The ...


20. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
The Houtman Abrolhos Islands consist of 122 islands 60 km off Geraldton on the mid-west coast of WA. These islands are the most southerly coral reefs in the Indian Ocean and support a mix of tropical and temperate fauna including 389 species of fish...


21. Status Coral Reefs: Australia and Papua New Guinea, Australia. ...
The New Britain Province (East and West) is a large area that includes the well studied Kimbe Bay region being monitored by The Nature Conservancy (TNC). At least 860 fish and 400 hard coral species have been recorded from Kimbe Bay. Annual reef mon...


22. Status Coral Reefs: Eastern Caribbean, Anguilla. ...
We have not reported previously on the reefs of Anguilla; the only previous study was by the Bellairs Institute of Barbados in 1990; since 2004 new data have been collected by the Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources. Prior to 1980, the reefs...


23. Status Coral Reefs: Eastern Caribbean, Anguilla. ...
Anguilla sat in the 2005 ‘hot spot’ from June to October, however, the extent of coral bleaching is unknown. Local dive operators reported bleaching but monitoring in 2007 was too late to identify specific bleaching impacts. Baseline data collected i...


24. Status Coral Reefs: Eastern Caribbean, Antigua and Barbuda. ...
Corals on Antigua have been recently damaged by local and regional disturbances, but there are still healthy corals and the species richness is high. These reefs will recover provided surviving parent corals that can provide larvae are protected and ...


25. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
The coral reef biota of American Samoa is diverse. Data from initial taxonomic surveys are summarized in Table 10.1 and indicate a total of about 2,705 marine species. Fish are the best studied group, with algae, mollusks and corals following. The to...


26. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
DMWR’s Territorial Monitoring Program This program monitors eleven sites annually: ten on the reef slope around Tutuila and one on Aunuu. Data collection began in 2005. At each non-reef flat site, four 50-m tapes are laid along the 8-10 m depth con...


27. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Coral Reef Biological Criteria Monitoring of the American Samoa Environmental Protection AgencyThis study monitors sites on Tutuila annually, beginning in 2003 with six sites. In 2005 two of those sites were repeated and six additional sites surveyed...


28. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Long-Term Monitoring Program of the Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary This program surveys benthic communities in Fagatele Bay National Marine Sanctuary in a 30 m long transect on a depth contour, with substrate cover recorded on a point each ...


29. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Reef Flat Surveys Surveyed in 2003 as part of a master’s thesis by 27932Andrews (2004)1. Five 25-m tapes were laid and benthic cover recorded with the point intercept technique at each of 11 sites. In another study, reef flats/pools were surveyed a...


30. Status Coral Reefs: Micronesia, American Samoa. ...
Benthic communities are in relatively good condition, with a dominance of coralline algae, almost no brown macroalgae, and better average coral cover than most reefs in the region. They appear to be relatively resilient, having recovered at least par...


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