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List of 32 records

1

1. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Southwest Pacific. The eastern portion of the Samoa Archipelago consists of five high volcanic islands and, in the east, Rose Atoll. It is an unincorporated territory of the USA, and its administration also cove...
The eastern portion of the Samoa Archipelago consists of five high volcanic islands and, in the east, Rose Atoll. It is an unincorporated territory of the USA, and its administration also covers Swains Atoll, a remote atoll which lies between the mai...


2. Resources Overview: Eastern Caribbean, St. Kitts and Nevis. This small independent state consists of two volcanic islands with steep mountainous slopes. There are fringing reefs along much of the coastline, and a number of deeper submerged reef struc...
This small independent state consists of two volcanic islands with steep mountainous slopes. There are fringing reefs along much of the coastline, and a number of deeper submerged reef structures. There is little published information about these ree...


3. Resources Overview: South Asia, Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka is a large continental island off the southeast coast of the Indian sub-continent. About 30 percent of the land area is low-lying (less than 30 meters elevation). Offshore the continental shelf is ...
Sri Lanka is a large continental island off the southeast coast of the Indian sub-continent. About 30 percent of the land area is low-lying (less than 30 meters elevation). Offshore the continental shelf is particularly narrow to the south and east, ...


4. Resources Overview: Eastern Caribbean, St. Vincent and the Grenadines. St. Vincent is a relatively young volcanic island. To the north, Mount Soufriere most recently erupted in 1979. The relatively young coastline, together with new volcanic sediment...
St. Vincent is a relatively young volcanic island. To the north, Mount Soufriere most recently erupted in 1979. The relatively young coastline, together with new volcanic sediments, have prevented the development of extensive reefs. There are no reef...


5. Resources Overview: Southwest Indian Ocean, Seychelles. The Seychelles is a very large archipelagic nation in the Western Indian Ocean. The 115 named islands and atolls together with their associated reef systems can be clearly divided into two disti...
The Seychelles is a very large archipelagic nation in the Western Indian Ocean. The 115 named islands and atolls together with their associated reef systems can be clearly divided into two distinct regions: the high islands to the north and the low c...


6. Resources Overview: Red Sea - Gulf of Aden, Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest coral reef nation in the region, with an extensive coastline facing the Red Sea, and an additional significant coastline along the western shores of...
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the largest coral reef nation in the region, with an extensive coastline facing the Red Sea, and an additional significant coastline along the western shores of the Arabian Gulf. The Red Sea coastline extends from the ...


7. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Solomon Islands. GEOGRAPHY The Solomon Islands are the northern group of a huge arc of islands delimiting the northeast boundary of the Coral Sea. The archipelago, oriented southeast to northwest, stretches abo...
GEOGRAPHY The Solomon Islands are the northern group of a huge arc of islands delimiting the northeast boundary of the Coral Sea. The archipelago, oriented southeast to northwest, stretches about 1700km between Bougainville in the east of Papua New ...


8. Resources Overview: Eastern Africa, South Africa. Although reef communities extend into the waters of South Africa it is arguable whether these are true reef structures. There are three main areas: the northern, central and southern reef complexes. A...
Although reef communities extend into the waters of South Africa it is arguable whether these are true reef structures. There are three main areas: the northern, central and southern reef complexes. All are submerged communities growing over late Ple...


9. Resources Overview: Eastern Caribbean, St. Lucia. St. Lucia is a high volcanic island. Coral reefs are generally poorly developed, often only forming a thin veneer over the underlying volcanic substrates. The best developed reefs are in the south and...
St. Lucia is a high volcanic island. Coral reefs are generally poorly developed, often only forming a thin veneer over the underlying volcanic substrates. The best developed reefs are in the south and east, although the best studied and most heavily ...


10. Resources Overview: Eastern Africa, Somalia. Somalia has 3300 km of coastline, of which 1300 km face the Gulf of Aden from Raas Caseyr to the border with Djibouti, and the balance faces the Indian Ocean (Fig. 1SOM_Fig1.gif 2). The western part of the...
Somalia has 3300 km of coastline, of which 1300 km face the Gulf of Aden from Raas Caseyr to the border with Djibouti, and the balance faces the Indian Ocean (Fig. 1SOM_Fig1.gif 2). The western part of the north coast between Saylac and Berbera is sh...


11. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Samoa. The Samoa Archipelago is a hotspot chain of predominantly high volcanic islands divided into the politically independent western islands of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) and the eastern islands of Americ...
The Samoa Archipelago is a hotspot chain of predominantly high volcanic islands divided into the politically independent western islands of Samoa (formerly Western Samoa) and the eastern islands of American Samoa. Samoa itself is dominated by the two...


12. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Singapore. Although a relatively small country, Singapore’s coral reefs have received considerable scientific attention. Singapore consists of one large and some 50 small islands off the southern coast of the Malay...
Although a relatively small country, Singapore’s coral reefs have received considerable scientific attention. Singapore consists of one large and some 50 small islands off the southern coast of the Malay Peninsula, separated from the mainland by the ...


13. Resources Overview: Red Sea - Gulf of Aden, Sudan. The Sudanese Red Sea coast is approximately 750 km long inclusive of bays and inlets, extending from 18°N at the Eritrean border to 22°N at the Egyptian border (Fig. 1SDN_Fig1.gif 2). Average...
The Sudanese Red Sea coast is approximately 750 km long inclusive of bays and inlets, extending from 18°N at the Eritrean border to 22°N at the Egyptian border (Fig. 1SDN_Fig1.gif 2). Average annual rainfall is 111 mm (varying from 36 mm at H...


14. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia (SEA) is a region of high biological significance, as it contains some of the most extensive coastlines and diverse coral reefs in the world, with Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippi...
Southeast Asia (SEA) is a region of high biological significance, as it contains some of the most extensive coastlines and diverse coral reefs in the world, with Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines (together with Papua New Guinea) forming the cen...


15. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Southwest Pacific. Socioeconomic monitoring is conducted in Fiji, Samoa and Solomon Islands. Greatest activity is by the Fiji Locally Marine Managed Area (FLMMA) network at 270 villages across all Fiji provinces...
Socioeconomic monitoring is conducted in Fiji, Samoa and Solomon Islands. Greatest activity is by the Fiji Locally Marine Managed Area (FLMMA) network at 270 villages across all Fiji provinces. Most households harvest marine resources for subsistence...


16. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Southwest Pacific. Reef related ecosystems (mangroves and seagrass) are considered important for food security, biodiversity conservation and coastal protection but less so for tourism. Seagrasses are important ...
Reef related ecosystems (mangroves and seagrass) are considered important for food security, biodiversity conservation and coastal protection but less so for tourism. Seagrasses are important feeding grounds for turtles which have great traditional s...


17. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Southwest Pacific. Reefs continue to play an integral part in the lives of the people of the South Pacific where coastal communities depend on them for subsistence, coastal protection and income generation. Most...
Reefs continue to play an integral part in the lives of the people of the South Pacific where coastal communities depend on them for subsistence, coastal protection and income generation. Most of the South West Pacific economies are dependant to a la...


18. Resources Overview: Southwest Pacific, Samoa. A nationwide socioeconomic study by the Samoan Fisheries Division in 2006 assessed the status of rural fisheries in Samoa in 939 households in 49 villages (7778 people). People were interviewed about thei...
A nationwide socioeconomic study by the Samoan Fisheries Division in 2006 assessed the status of rural fisheries in Samoa in 939 households in 49 villages (7778 people). People were interviewed about their household composition, income, education lev...


19. Resources Overview: Southeast and Central Pacific, Southeast and Central Pacific. Coral reefs support the livelihoods of Polynesian populations through subsistence fishing in all countries and through tourism and black pearl industries in French Poly...
Coral reefs support the livelihoods of Polynesian populations through subsistence fishing in all countries and through tourism and black pearl industries in French Polynesia and the Cook Islands;...


20. Resources Overview: Southeast and Central Pacific, Southeast and Central Pacific. The countries of Polynesia Mana (Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Niue, Tokelau, Tonga, and Wallis and Futuna) have vast areas of coral reefs scattered over 12...
The countries of Polynesia Mana (Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Kiribati, Niue, Tokelau, Tonga, and Wallis and Futuna) have vast areas of coral reefs scattered over 12 million km2 of EEZ with 347 islands representing 6000 km2 of land and only half a...


21. Resources Overview: Red Sea - Gulf of Aden, Saudi Arabia. The Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia is 1840 km long with extensive coastal fringing, patch/platform, pillar and barrier reefs. The reefs are highly developed in the northern and central Red Sea,...
The Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia is 1840 km long with extensive coastal fringing, patch/platform, pillar and barrier reefs. The reefs are highly developed in the northern and central Red Sea, but decrease towards the south due to higher sedimentary ...


22. Resources Overview: Southwest Indian Ocean, Southwest Indian Ocean. -Many reefs are recovering well from 1998 mass coral bleaching damage with all countries having some areas with good coral cover, and other areas with slow or little coral recovery; ...
-Many reefs are recovering well from 1998 mass coral bleaching damage with all countries having some areas with good coral cover, and other areas with slow or little coral recovery; -Mean live coral cover has continued to increase on some reefs of t...


23. Resources Overview: Southwest Indian Ocean, Seychelles. Status of Mangrove Mangroves in the Seychelles are not used commercially and the mangrove forests are in a generally healthy state. The most prolific stands of mangroves in the Seychelles occ...
Status of Mangrove Mangroves in the Seychelles are not used commercially and the mangrove forests are in a generally healthy state. The most prolific stands of mangroves in the Seychelles occur in the lagoon of Aldabra Atoll and inside the lagoons...


24. Resources Overview: Southwest Indian Ocean, Seychelles. Status of Seagrass The seagrass beds of the Seychelles are extensive, especially in the outer islands, and are in a healthy state. The coastal fisheries are under pressure, such that there are...
Status of Seagrass The seagrass beds of the Seychelles are extensive, especially in the outer islands, and are in a healthy state. The coastal fisheries are under pressure, such that there are indications of over-fishing of the red snapper (Lutjanu...


25. Resources Overview: South Asia, South Asia. Abstract -Recovery of South Asian coral reefs since the 1998 mass bleaching has been patchy; Chagos has shown particularly good recovery, reefs in the western atoll chain of the Maldives and Bar Reef in...
Abstract -Recovery of South Asian coral reefs since the 1998 mass bleaching has been patchy; Chagos has shown particularly good recovery, reefs in the western atoll chain of the Maldives and Bar Reef in Sri Lanka have also recovered relatively we...


26. Resources Overview: South Asia, South Asia. Coastal and marine ecosystems and resources provide large benefits to the countries of the region through fisheries and tourism, which are highly important economic sectors in the Maldives, India and Sri La...
Coastal and marine ecosystems and resources provide large benefits to the countries of the region through fisheries and tourism, which are highly important economic sectors in the Maldives, India and Sri Lanka. Many people throughout the region are d...


27. Resources Overview: South Asia, South Asia. Status of South Asia MangroveThe 6000 km2 Sundarbans between Bangladesh and India is the largest mangrove area in the world. Other major mangrove areas in South Asia include the Indus delta of Pakistan, the...
Status of South Asia MangroveThe 6000 km2 Sundarbans between Bangladesh and India is the largest mangrove area in the world. Other major mangrove areas in South Asia include the Indus delta of Pakistan, the sixth largest mangrove area in the world, t...


28. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia. Abstract -Between 2004 and 2008, the condition of coral reefs improved in Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam and Singapore but declined in Indonesia and Malaysia (however, many reefs were not assessed...
Abstract -Between 2004 and 2008, the condition of coral reefs improved in Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam and Singapore but declined in Indonesia and Malaysia (however, many reefs were not assessed); -Coral reef status in Cambodia, Myanmar and Timo...


29. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia. More than 60% of the 557 million people of SEA (Population Reference Bureau, www.prb.org/) live within 60 km of the coast and many of these are intrinsically linked to the resources of the coast, es...
More than 60% of the 557 million people of SEA (Population Reference Bureau, www.prb.org/) live within 60 km of the coast and many of these are intrinsically linked to the resources of the coast, especially coral reefs. Although many cities in SEA ar...


30. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia. Mangroves There are 41 genera of true mangroves in the Indo-West Pacific region with SEA containing most of these. By 1998 it was estimated that more than 50% of the original mangrove area in SEA ...
Mangroves There are 41 genera of true mangroves in the Indo-West Pacific region with SEA containing most of these. By 1998 it was estimated that more than 50% of the original mangrove area in SEA was lost, totalling a staggering 4.2 million hectare...


31. Resources Overview: Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia. The region has 18 of the world’s 60 seagrass species, however, destruction is similar to mangrove habitats: seagrass beds are subjected to threats from bottom trawling and extensive coastline destru...
The region has 18 of the world’s 60 seagrass species, however, destruction is similar to mangrove habitats: seagrass beds are subjected to threats from bottom trawling and extensive coastline destruction and modification. The loss of seagrass habitat...


32. Resources Overview: Southern Tropical America, Southern Tropical America. SUMMARY -Algae are the most abundant reef organisms in most of the countries; high coral cover occurs at numerous reef locations at the Caribbean (~70%) and Pacific (~95%) coa...
SUMMARY -Algae are the most abundant reef organisms in most of the countries; high coral cover occurs at numerous reef locations at the Caribbean (~70%) and Pacific (~95%) coasts; -No major changes in live coral cover have been observed recently in...


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