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1 . Wallis and Futuna     Wallis and Futuna
This overseas territory of France consists of three main islands: Wallis (Uvea), Futuna and Alofi. All are high islands of volcanic origin, lying close to the boundary between the Pacific and Indo-Australian tectonic plates. Wallis has fringing reefs around most of its coastline and is further completely encircled by a barrier reef, with a number of sand cays on the reef edge. There is only a small number of deeper channels into the lagoon proper. Futuna has narrow fringing reefs on all coasts, while the uninhabited Alofi has only a few such areas.

There is little in the way of scientific description of the reef communities around these islands. The few studies that have been undertaken show modest levels of diversity, with only 30 coral genera and some 330 species of benthic fish so far described.

Fishing is an important activity, although largely still operating at a subsistence level. However, there have been records of blast fishing. Fringing reefs around Futuna may have been impacted by sediment runoff and are reported to be degraded. There is no significant tourism to the islands, and there are no formal management regimes or protected areas.
Source: Spalding, M.D., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green , 2001 , World Atlas of Coral Reefs . Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press,Berkeley,USA.421p. (See Document)

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