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1 . Vietnam     Vietnam
Vietnam has an extensive coastline encompassing a great latitudinal range. In the far south this
coastline is very low-lying and dominated by the Mekong River Delta and the Cau Mau Peninsula. A short section of coastline faces the Gulf of Thailand, while offshore there are a number of islands, including the relatively hilly Phu Quoc Island and associated islands to the south, as well as the islands of Nam Du and Tho Chau, the latter being located about 150 kilometers west of the mainland. Some 80 kilometers offshore from the Mekong Delta there are a number of small hilly islands called the Con Dao (Con Son) Islands. North of the Mekong Delta Vietnam’s coastline becomes one of high relief, with little or no coastal plain, and the edge of the continental shelf coming quite close inshore. Further north still the coastline sweeps in to the west and the continental shelf becomes very wide indeed around the Gulf of Tonkin. There are occasional islands along the central coastline, and close to the Chinese border numerous small islands, including the Cat Ba islands and other dramatic limestone islands which rise up vertically from the waters of Ha Long Bay.
Source: Spalding, M.D., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green , 2001 , World Atlas of Coral Reefs . Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press,Berkeley,USA.421p. (See Document)

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