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1 . Taiwan     Taiwan
Taiwan (China) lies relatively far to the north. Nonetheless, it has a number of well developed coral reef communities at the northern edge of the South China Sea, particularly along its southern edge, and around offshore islands. Taiwan is particularly affected along its southern and eastern edges by the Kuroshio Current, which carries warm water from the south, although its influence is weakened during the winter months by the Northeast Monsoon. An estimated 300 hard coral species have been recorded at the island, along with 1 200 fish species.

There are thought to be considerable pressures on the reefs in Taiwan, particularly from fishing, coastal development and tourism. Dynamite fishing, trawling and sedimentation are reported to have degraded the reefs around the Pen Hu Islands, while destructive fishing and tourism are believed to have impacted reefs on the southeast mainland. Aquarium fish collecting and spear fishing are also reported to have affected numbers of reef fish. Nuclear power plants were reported to have been built in the vicinity of a number of reefs, while a nuclear waste disposal site was reportedly established at Lan-Yu
Source: Spalding, M.D., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green , 2001 , World Atlas of Coral Reefs . Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press,Berkeley,USA.421p. (See Document)

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