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1 . Tuvalu     Tuvalu
Tuvalu is a small archipelago (formerly the Ellice Islands) consisting of five true atolls and four other platform islands with encircling fringing reefs. There are also several other seamounts which may reach within 30 meters of the surface. The lagoons are predominantly sandy with some coral heads. The outer slopes are reported to be rich in both coral cover and diversity, although detailed faunal inventories have not been prepared. Some 400 fish species have been recorded from Funafuti. There are small mangrove stands in a few areas.

Attempts at establishing commercial fisheries have been largely unsuccessful. Some sea cucumbers were exported until 1982, but current densities are not considered high enough to revive the fishery. Efforts to establish a deep water snapper industry for export have largely failed. The country receives its main foreign income through the granting of fishing licenses for offshore pelagics (predominantly tuna). There is no major tourist industry.
Source: Spalding, M.D., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green , 2001 , World Atlas of Coral Reefs . Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press,Berkeley,USA.421p. (See Document)

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