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1 . Réunion     Réunion
Réunion, a territory of France, only has a few fringing reef communities restricted to its leeward western shores, although corals are found growing directly on volcanic substrates in the southeast. Although not extensive, these reefs have been well studied. An estimated 1 000 species of fish occur in the surrounding waters, including 250-300 reef-associated species, and 149 recorded coral species. The 1998 coral bleaching had some impact, particularly where corals were already stressed by other factors, but recovery was good in almost all areas. Coral cover at a number of survey sites on the outer reef slopes and lagoons was at 30-50 percent after the bleaching.

The majority of the people of Réunion live close to the coast and have had a major impact on it. There were some 641 registered commercial fishers in 1996, most of whom were operating in nearshore areas. Overexploitation of coastal fishes has been occurring for some time, and destructive fishing practices have been reported.
Source: Spalding, M.D., C. Ravilious and E.P. Green , 2001 , World Atlas of Coral Reefs . Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. University of California Press,Berkeley,USA.421p. (See Document)

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