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1 . Djibouti     Djibouti
Djibouti lies in a hot and semi-arid zone where the weather is influenced by the Indian Ocean monsoon. Mean air temperatures vary between 25 °C in the winter to 35 °C in the summer. Annual rainfall ranges from 50 to 215 mm. During the south-west monsoon, from June to September, northerly winds move surface waters from the Gulf of Aden out into the Arabian sea. This is reversed during October to May, bringing cooler waters into nearshore areas. Salinity ranges from 36 to 39 ppt, increasing during south-west monsoon periods, and water temperature ranges between 25 °C and 29 °C.

Agriculture, cattle-breeding and fisheries contribute < 2.5% of the national income, but the international port of Djibouti contributes significantly to the national economy. Coastal and marine tourism is still in its infancy.

At the confluence of three biogeographic zones, Djibouti is home to a unique assemblage of coral reef species. Ecologically, the confluence of warm-water tropical biota (from the Indian Ocean and Red Sea), with cold water upwelling habitats (from the Somali and Arabian regions) is notable at the Sept Frères Islands, and resembles marine conditions seen in only a few other parts of the world.

Current threats to coral reefs come from the tourism, shipping and coastal development sectors. A national biodiversity project supported by GEF is currently being implemented in the country. The goal is to draft a strategy and an action plan for conservation of the biodiversity in Djibouti, inclusive of coral reefs.
Source: Pilcher, N. and N.D. Abdi , 2000 , The Status of Coral Reefs in Djibouti. . Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN) (See Document)

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