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1 . Australia     Australia
The Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Reserve covers 1880 km2 and the reefs are part of the Lord Howe volcanic chain. Surveys in February 2006 found that coral cover was similar to 2003 levels: 25% at Elizabeth Reef; and 11% at Middleton Reef. There was no evidence of recent bleaching or Drupella activity and only limited evidence of COTS. Surveys of fishes have recorded 324 species with two additional goby species identified in 2007. Genetic studies on the Galapagos sharks suggest that the Elizabeth and Middleton Reef population forms a single stock that is distinct from the Lord Howe Island population. In 2006 the Australian Government introduced a 7 year management plan for the reserve and has since increased compliance and enforcement patrols.
Source: Chin, A., H. Sweatman, S. Forbes, H. Perks, R. Walker, G. Jones, D. Williamson, R. Evans, F. Hartley,S. Armstrong, H. Malcolm, G. Edgar , 2008 , Status of the Coral Reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea: 2008 . In: Wilkinson, C. (ed.). Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Center, Townsville, Australia. p159-176 (See Document)

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