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1 . Australia     Australia
The Coringa-Herald Nature Reserve is 400 km directly east of Cairns and covers 8856 km2 including 6 islets and cays with a total area of 124 ha. AIMS surveys showed low coral cover compared to the GBR, with 4.5% cover recorded in 2003 and 7.3% in 2006-2007. There is evidence of significant coral mortality following coral bleaching in 2002 and physical damage from storms. Recovery appears to be slow and is probably dependent on self-seeding, making these reefs vulnerable to localised extinctions. The fish assemblages are very different to the GBR and indicate that these reefs may be ‘stepping stones’ between the GBR and the South Pacific. Some holothurians (sea cucumbers) of high commercial value were found to be more abundant within the reserve compared with other sites, suggesting some benefit of the reserve for these species. In 2005 beneficial insects were released at Coringa-Herald to minimise damage to the Pisonia forest from pest insects.
Source: Chin, A., H. Sweatman, S. Forbes, H. Perks, R. Walker, G. Jones, D. Williamson, R. Evans, F. Hartley,S. Armstrong, H. Malcolm, G. Edgar , 2008 , Status of the Coral Reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea: 2008 . In: Wilkinson, C. (ed.). Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Center, Townsville, Australia. p159-176 (See Document)

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