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1 . Australia     Australia
Coral Sea Reefs and Islands:

These reefs grow around oceanic islands and seamounts scattered across 780 000km2 of ocean east of the GBR. Some remote reefs are visited by tourism operators (for example, Osprey Reef, Flinders Reef) but most are rarely visited. There are several MPAs on Coral Sea islands and reefs, including the Coringa-Herald, Lihou Reef, Elizabeth and Middleton Reef reserves, and Lord Howe Island. The Elizabeth and Middleton reefs and Lord Howe Island are the most southerly coral reefs in the world and are strongly influenced by the south flowing East Australian Current. There has been limited research and monitoring apart from occasional surveys by AIMS and JCU for the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA). Climate change is probably the main pressure on these reefs.
Source: Chin, A., H. Sweatman, S. Forbes, H. Perks, R. Walker, G. Jones, D. Williamson, R. Evans, F. Hartley,S. Armstrong, H. Malcolm, G. Edgar , 2008 , Status of the Coral Reefs in Australia and Papua New Guinea: 2008 . In: Wilkinson, C. (ed.). Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008. Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and Reef and Rainforest Research Center, Townsville, Australia. p159-176 (See Document)

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